Palm Pools & Spas Blog

How Does a Salt Water Pool Work

Palm Pools and Spas - Tuesday, September 05, 2017

Are you tossing up between a chlorine and saltwater pool?

Both will keep your pool water clean, they just go about it in slightly different ways. Let's take a look at the technology behind this approach to pool care and maintenance, and if it will suit your setup.

Saltwater vs chlorine pool

The main difference a conventional chlorine system and a saltwater version is the way in which chlorine is introduced into your pool. Instead of dosing your pool with chlorine, granules, powder or tablets, an in-line chlorine generator does this for you.

There are also some common myths that need to be put to rest. One is that the saltwater from the pool will ruin your paving, deck or pool equipment. This is false. The concentration of salt in a pool is so small you will barely be able to taste it.

How does a saltwater pool work?

Saltwater pools use a salt chlorinator to convert salt crystals into chlorine gas. This is installed into the existing pipework of your pool’s filtration system. The key component of a saltwater generator is a salt cell. This receives an electrical charge from a control box that creates chlorine through a process called electrolysis.  As your pool water passes through the salt cell, the salt in the water is turned into hypochlorous acid. When the water is recirculated back to your pool it introduces the chlorine, which sanitises and keeps your pool clean.

Advantages of a saltwater pool

  • No harsh chemicals

  • Kinder to your skin, hair, eyes and swimwear

  • Cost saving, with no need to purchase chlorine

  • Reduced cleaning and maintenance requirements

  • Growth of algae is reduced

  • Low odor

Maintaining a saltwater pool

Maintenance should be minimal on a saltwater chlorinator. The only element you may need to keep an eye on is the cell, which needs to be kept free of calcium and mineral deposits. These will appear as white crusty buildup, and you will typically have to soak the cell in an acid solution to remove them. Some saltwater chlorinators are self-cleaning, in which case there is even less for you to do.

What to expect from our service

We specialise in designing and building premium quality concrete pools that will stand the test of time, using the very best equipment and finishes. We also believe communication is key throughout your build and don't cut corners.

In terms of the process, once our designer has drawn up the plans for your swimming pool you will receive a detailed outline of all the legal requirements that need to be met prior to constructing starting on your pool. We then submit the engineering plans to your local council on your behalf - and take this sometimes stressful process off your hands. After we have obtained council approval, we will coordinate the entire project from excavation to construction and final landscaping. You will also be kept up to date with the progress of your project at each phase.

Read reviews and feedback from some of our clients and what they think about our workmanship and service.

If you think a saltwater pool may be right for you get in touch. Or pop into our showroom to browse the large range of high quality pool & spa equipment, accessories and chemicals. We are based in Castle Hill but build pools right across Sydney.

Planning your Swimming Pool

Palm Pools and Spas - Wednesday, July 26, 2017

Decided that it is time your backyard had a swimming pool?

Then your first step should be to do some careful research, planning and budgeting so you understand what is involved in the process. A swimming pool is a major investment, so you need to be across everything to make sure you know what to expect.

Read this article to find out what you need to think about and what your options are.

Why concrete?
Palm Pools and Spas specialises in building concrete pools though we also install fibreglass pools. Why do we recommend concrete? Unlike a fibreglass pool where you are limited to a handful of shapes and designs, a concrete pool gives you complete control over the design. We have built many concrete pools in areas where a fiberglass pool was not a viable option. Concrete pools are also inherently stronger and will give you many years of service.

Researching and planning your concrete pool

These are some of the things you need to think through so your

Cost: The cost of your pool will depend on a number of factors, including its size, design, what accessories you want, as well as how easy the installation is.

Location: Where is the best place in your backyard to excavate your pool? You need to think about trees, roots and any pipes that may be buried.

Shape and style: Here your options include a formal pool that is square or rectangular, a natural pool that blends into your landscaping, a lap pool for getting fit or an infinity pool for that wow factor.

Approvals and permits: There are legal requirements that need to be met before your pool can be built. This includes submitting engineering plans to your council for approval.

Features: What features do you want to complement your swimming pool and outdoor area? Extra features that you can specify include spas, cascade waterfalls, fountains, statues and ponds. These can be seamlessly integrated into your property by our landscapers to create an amazing centrepiece for your backyard, all using environmentally friendly construction techniques.

A Quality Build | Concrete and Fibreglass Pools

Palm Pools and Spas - Tuesday, July 04, 2017

At Palm Pools and Spas, we are a team of leading pool and spa builders, serving the entirety of New South Wales, bring a passion for building the finest fibreglass and concrete pools and spas to be found anywhere.

Our talent lies in our ability to bring out the best possible option and fit for your chosen space. We pride ourselves in creating pools and spas that serve as a suitable fixture to your space, which appear as though they were meant to exist as part of it, not something that has been shoehorned in to place.

We have spent our careers building up a portfolio and a skill set across this state, and our talented and passionate designers and builders combine their efforts in to some of the finest pool and spa design and building to be found anywhere. We don’t just dig a hole in your property. We create a place of ambiance, style, and relaxation, something to improve the quality of life for every resident or guest.

Since our inception, we have applied our skill set to pools and spas across the spectrum of building materials, styles, and methods. We can create pools in concrete, fibreglass, or natural rock. We can build something suitable under the trees of a wide property, or the tight confines of an urban lot. Apart from our striking designs, we build our pools and spas with great respect given to your land, ensuring that your experience with our team is a positive one.

At Palm Pools and Spas, we are a passionate group of designers, who recognise the enjoyment and added value that is to be found with the installation of your own fibreglass or concrete pool or spa. And we are ready to offer the very same to your home. Contact us today, and let us get started!

An Adaptive Skill Set | Concrete and Fibreglass Pools

Palm Pools and Spas - Tuesday, June 20, 2017

In the world’s hottest and driest climate, there is a distinct need for convenient methods of cooling off and refreshing our bodies after a long day. And while many of us crowd around the coasts of this country and can dip in the ocean, the fresh water and convenience of your own pool cannot be beaten.

At Palm Pools and Spas, we provide all of New South Wales with premier in-ground fibreglass and concrete pools. Distinctive to each project, our pools combine the style and class of a bespoke product with a build quality focusing on longevity, and absolute value for your money.

But what sets us apart is our length of experience in this industry, and how that experience has been able to shape our skill set. Having installed pools in so many different situations, we have been able to craft a background that knows the best fit for your home. We can provide a pool that makes the best of your available space, the style of your home, and of course, your personal tastes.

We begin by providing consultation with our expert staff. This design phase allows us to determine exactly what you had in mind, and combining it with our creativity and expertise, put together a plan that will see your pool designed in a manner that is both space-efficient and aesthetically pleasing.

Let us put our experience to use in your yard, and enjoy your summer with a brand new concrete or fibreglass pool or spa from Palm Pools and Spas.

Concrete Pool Construction Process

Palm Pools and Spas - Wednesday, November 20, 2013

Buying a new pool is an extremely exciting process for you and your family. However, understanding exactly what is going to be happening in your backyard can be a little confusing at times. As you can imagine, the construction of an in ground swimming pool is no mean feat and requires significant time and effort to be carried out effectively. All of this construction takes place literally in your own back yard so it pays to understand what the steps and procedures are around constructing a pool.

In order to assist and inform you, we here at Palm Pools and Spa’s thought we’d provide you with a step by step overview of exactly what will be happening at ‘your place’ during the construction of your concrete pool. 

Design and Approval

We believe the design and approval process is what really makes Palm Pools and Spas stand out from the competition. At Palm, we’re not in the business of sending a salesman around to your house to quickly close a sale and move into the build phase. We prefer to take a collaborative approach to the design of your pool. We’ll sit with you to get an understanding of exactly what it is you’re looking for in a pool. We’ll analyse your site and let you know in advance of any potential issues or limitations you may face during the build. Ultimately, we’ll work with you through a methodical design process to ensure that you get the pool you’ve always dreamed of.

If you are in the process of building or renovating a home, we can work directly with your builder or designer to ensure that your pool will complement the other facets of your house. We’ll also work with any contractors you have working on your house to ensure disruption to you and your family is kept to minimum.

Once we’ve settled on the design, there is the matter of local government approvals. While this can be a tricky area, you can rest easy because Palm Pools and Spas will manage the entire process for you. We’ve been dealing with local government approvals for years, we know how the system works and we know the fastest way to reach approval.


This step involves marking out exactly where the perimeters of your pool will be, determining the depth of the different parts of your pool and digging a hole large enough to meet these parameters.  Palm Pools and Spa’s uses a variety of industry leading excavation tools meaning we can access difficult to reach areas of your block and complete this phase of your pool build in a clean and timely manner. Regardless of ease of access, pool size or block shape, Palm Pools and Spas have an innovative solution that will make excavating your site a breeze.

Palm Pools and Spas is committed to minimising home owner impact through the construction of your pool.

Installing the Steel

The next step is to install the steel reinforcement to your pool. The steel framework acts as your pools skeleton and provides the support and structure that will keep you pool looking great for years to come. The steel bars are joined together to form a net-like structure that will provide shape and support to your pool.

It is at this stage of the construction process that we will begin installing the plumbing that connects your pool up to your pump.


Filling your pools shell with concrete is one of the messier steps in a pools constructions but it’s also one the most exciting. After this step your pool will really be starting to take shape. Our highly trained builders will be using a pump to spray concrete into your pools steel framework. Once this work has been completed we’ll come through with a hand trowel to ensure that your pool is as smooth as possible.

Once your pool has been sprayed, we need to leave it to ‘cure’. This process normally takes about four weeks. Curing allows for some of the moisture to be removed from the concrete and will result in a very slight shrinkage in the concrete supporting your pool. This is a vital step before adding water to your pool.


Once your pool has been concreted and cured we begin work on the coping. Coping involves installing tiles or pavers around the top of your pool. Your choice of coping is entirely up to you and is limited only by your imagination.


The final step of the build is to apply your choice of interior finishing products. Pebbles, tiles and quartzon are popular choices. Once this is done one of our trained staff will connect your pools plumbing up to the pump.

You are now in position to fill your pool with water. In accordance with safety measures you must have a pool fence erected prior to filling your pool.

Once your pool is filled with water it’s time to test the mechanical equipment. For the next 7-10 days you should run the following tests.

  • Testing your pools PH level adjusting if they are not as they should be.
  • Brushing the pool.


Our highly trained staff will be there to walk you through each step of your pools construction and will provide a detailed handover and training on how to use and maintain your pool once it is complete. After the construction phase is complete you’re all set to dive in and start enjoying your new pool.

At Palm Pools and Spas, we’re not just selling you a pool. We’ll be there to help you manage and understand the whole process from design, through the approval process, construction and ultimately to the handover of your new pool. If you have further queries, we’re only a phone call away, please give us a call if you’d like to know more.


5 Steps to Follow When Buying a Pool

Palm Pools and Spas - Wednesday, July 24, 2013

Buying a pool is a big decision and not one to rush into. While a pool is a sound investment, improving your leisure time and potentially adding value to your home, the process of buying and building a pool can be incredibly complex and is fraught with danger.

So before buying a pool it makes sense to do your research. A little time spent up front understanding your requirements and what’s available in the market could save you thousands of dollars and years of disappointment in the future.

Luckily we’re here to help. In order to assist you during your pool buying journey we have compiled the following 5 steps that act as a guide to ensure you make an informed decision when it comes to buying your pool.


As with all major purchases, budget is one of key considerations for pool buyers. Most people will have an idea of what their budget is before they begin looking at pools. If you don’t, give us a call and we’ll help you come up with a budget that is within your financial reach and will provide you with the pool you desire.

Once you’ve determined a budget, stick with it! This may sound like a case of stating the bleeding obvious, but you'd be amazed at how many projects go over budget and how simple steps taken in the design phase could have minimised or eliminated these.

When trying to determine a budget, it’s important that pool buyers understand the total life time cost of their pool. The upfront cost of your pool is only a portion of the total financial commitment you’ll need to make this investment. Different pool construction techniques will carry different maintenance and management costs over the life of your pool. It’s a good idea to get an understanding of these before committing to one particular build type.

With this total cost of ownership model in mind it's worth noting that there are certain decisions that can be made during your pool buying process that can minimise the long term cost of owning a pool. While they may in fact add to your upfront costs, the savings you’ll make in maintenance, cleaning, chemicals, resurfacing or replacing parts will far outweigh the initial financial burden. Buyers often shy away from items like salt chlorine generators for example, believing they are too expensive; however these devices tend to pay for themselves with in two years. Palm Pools and Spa’s is happy to discuss this matter with you and help you understand the total cost of your pool upfront.

As with anything, the cheapest pool isn’t the best pool. In fact it’s normally the worst. Buyers need to understand they are making an investment that will be with them and their family for many years to come. Cheap pools normally mean sacrificing on quality parts, features or workmanship. While the lure of a cheap price may be appealing to those trying to get the most from their investment, in the long run maintenance, breakages and repairs will mean these savings are eaten away and you’re left with an expensive, annoying, substandard pool.

How will you use your pool?

Pools are indeed a luxury item, designed to provide enjoyment and relaxation for you and your family. In order for your needs to be met, you need to determine exactly what they are. This means sitting down and thinking about how your pool will be used both now and into the future. Buyers often spend huge sums of money on the pool they think they should buy, rather than prioritising and buying the pool that will best suit their needs.

It’s important to have understanding not only how you will use your pool but also, how will it fit into the landscape of your back yard. To oversimplify things building an enormous pool with a diving board on small block or town house property really doesn’t make sense. I doubt many readers would make this mistake, but you get the idea.

Below we have compiled a list of items worth considering when designing or buying your pool. If you take a honest, pragmatic look at each of these design elements you’ll take a big step toward determining what it is you’re looking for in a pool.

  • Access: How will your pool be positioned in relation to your house? Is the position of your pool safe for children?
  • What lies beneath the ground? Get an understanding of any cables, pipes or concrete slabs that may lie under the area you intend to position your pool.
  • Storing pool equipment: This is an afterthought for may pool buyers, but has the potential to alter the appearance of your back yard drastically. Generally your pool pump and other pool equipment will be stored in a shed somewhere near your pool. Make sure you consider this when designing your pool layout.
  • Trees: It pays to try and keep your pool away from deciduous trees. Fallen tree leaves are not your friend when it comes to pool maintenance.
    • Council or Strata regulations: Understand what you are and are not entitled to do on your land.


    Understanding your Warranty

    We’ve said it already; a pool is a significant financial investment. It pays to understand where you stand on warranty issues should something untoward happen to your pool. Pool buyers are encouraged to closely read the contract they are issued (even the pesky small print) as this is all you have to fall back on should something go wrong with your pool.

    It pays to make sure your warranty has provisions for the following

    • The structural integrity of the pool itself. This pertains to the walls, support structures and the fibreglass or concrete used in your pools construction.
    • Any additional pool equipment you purchase. Cleaning devices, pumps, skimmers and heaters should all be covered by warranty. They will not always fall on your pools warranty, but they should be covered by some form of warranty.
    • The materials and workmanship involved in the piping and plumbing of your pool, particularly pertinent if your pool is heated

    It’s also important you understand where the responsibility of your pool warranties lie. If your pump breaks, does the pump manufacturer hold responsibility for the warranty or does the dealer hold responsibility? Essentially, you need to know who to call and where you stand should when something go wrong with your pool. It’s also worth getting an insight into the timelines and response rates around your warranty, if your pool is flooding, clearly you’ll need someone urgently, are there provisions for this in your policy?

    Concrete or Fibreglass?

    This is the age old question when it comes to buying a pool. There is no correct answer here, like most other decisions relating to your pool, this decision comes down to your own personal situation and preferences. To help you make this decision we’ve included an overview of each option.

    Fibreglass pools

    • Quick to install
    • Easy maintenance - Fibreglass swimming pools are finished with a smooth gel coat that resists algae growth, making the fibreglass swimming pool easy and fast to clean and maintain.
    • Wide range of shapes, sizes & colours.

    Concrete Pools

    • Any shape, any size. Don't like the standard shapes? Want a swimming pool that is unique and original? A concrete swimming pool is for you. Endless designs and shapes can be developed to make your perfect pool.
    • Difficult sites - no problem! (e.g. sloping blocks, bad access).
    • Strong and durable - A concrete swimming pool is built to last many.
    • Environmentally friendly equipment and construction.
    • At Palm Pools and Spas we produce both concrete and fibreglass pools. Give us a call and one of our friendly staff will take the time to understand your needs, your requirements and your budget and will provide you with an unbiased opinion as to which construction technique will best suit you.

      Choosing the right builder

      This is perhaps the biggest mistake that buyers make. In most industries dodgy, fly-by-night operators ply their trade on unsuspecting victims and the pool building industry is no different. Installing a pool is a huge investment of money and time, so it pays to take your time and make a clear, informed decision on which builder to use.

      It’s important to be aware of pushy salesmen, particularly those working for larger pool builders. Many of these operators are incentivised on commission based sales and will have little to no involvement in your pool building process. By dealing with smaller, owner-operator type businesses, you are more likely to be discussing your requirements with someone that actually understands what it takes to build a pool.

      The first step to analysing pool builders is to do your research. Use the internet initially, check websites and forums. Questionable operators will likely have been reported in forums and it pays to use caution when it comes to builders with no web presence.

      When analysing a builder's credentials, make you are comparing apples with apples. For example, if you are building a fibreglass pool, make sure the builder you choose has expertise in fibreglass constructions, not only concrete.

      Below are some questions you can ask a pool builder to help frame your judgement and give you the peace of mind that you are making the right decision.

      • Who will be working on my project and how many years’ experience does this person have?
      • Can I speak to the owner of the business?
      • Can I speak to the most recent person you built a pool for?
      • What payment is required up front (and what are the other payment milestones)?
      • How long will the construction take? How are slipping timelines managed?
      • Are you able to coach me through the maintenance and management of my pool?
      • Who is responsible for any collateral damage that occurs to my property during the build phase?

      So, there you have it. Follow these 5 steps and you'll be well on your way to making an informed sensible decision regarding your pool. The next step? Start planning your first pool party!

      Red is the owner of Palm Pools and he stands by every pool he builds. You can rest assured that when you chose a Palm Pool you will be dealing with Red from the initial scoping of your requirements, through the build phase, right up to when you and your family enjoy the first swim in your new pool. Palm Pools is a family owned and run business and our reputation is our key to winning new business. You can be certain that a Palm Pool will provide you with honest advice and pool to suit your needs.